Title I – Employment
Title I focuses on employment. Its purpose is to ensure that qualified individuals with disabilities are protected from discrimination on the basis of disability. If an individual is qualified for a job, that person cannot be denied that opportunity simply because of a disability, and must therefore be given the same consideration for
employment that individuals without disabilities are given.
Businesses or employers must provide reasonable accommodations to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities. Possible accommodations may include restructuring jobs, altering the layout of workstations or modifying equipment. Employers may not discriminate in the application process, hiring, wages, benefits and all other aspects of employment.
Employers may not ask a job applicant about the existence, nature or severity of adisability. Applicants may be asked about their ability to perform specific job functions.
Medical examinations or inquiries may be made only after a conditional offer of employment is made and only if required for all applicants for the position.